– Have a summary of lesson as a hand out for student
– Utilize aspects of developmental teaching – have student arrive at the right answer – you lead him
– Have radio com’s written out for student
– Have a watch and a folded map ready for student
– Pay particular attention to presentation on aileron drag, rolling around a point as a final demo after initial
– Always show student what the A/C wants to do to better understand control
– Demonstrate first then explain why and how
– You fly he navigates, you navigate ask questions, he flies
– Aileron drag demo – 2000 RPM nose slightly high
– Don’t get attitudes mixed up with movements
– Aileron drag only when moving the ailerons.
Nose up like climbing a hill
S/L: Road maintained heading and alt. Allow a/c to drift to demo wind.
Track and heading are two different things
Trim game, pulling a pulley up, putting coins in a gumball machine
Turns: Centrifugal force, lift leg to demo Gs.
No oscillations with back pressure
Rudder when moving ailerons, then neutral
– Steep turn – Canyon: Power off, through 30 bank add full power go to 60 degrees of bank
Min radius: 20 flap pwr assist 45 degrees of bank through 360
Comm 180 turn reversal: Begin roll out 20 degrees prior to heading
Collision Avoidance: Power off, 2G pull up 90 bank and let nose drop to prevent stall
Slow flight: Controls are unresponsive, not sloppy
emphasize rudder in slow flight that its still responsive
Stall: With nose up trim power off at stall allow student to see that a/c does not want to stall. (Have nose up trim)
Spin: Lever arm explanation of C of G.
Road align for spin
Rudder speeds up wing to help unstall
All else fails ball and T/C
> Hard grip overcontrolling
> Instruments: LEast an hour on instruments
physical body on instruments, increase everything, essential manoeuvre.
15 to 20 minutes max at a time, give a break
visual recovery for attitudes and movements before actually doing it under the hood
Soft field: emphasize speed on approach, sit in aircraft while you lower tail to see when nose is too high
“Just” lift nose on t/o run, too much and too much drag, too little no good
Speed on approach until flare
Spirals: Get into it by not applying backpressure
Nose up, no power until a low airspeed
Emphasize spin spiral differences
XC: OVHD departure point
Show 10 degree drift method and 1-60 rule to regain track
Emphasize VTA and VNC chart use
X/CTRY Use flt log to record calculations. Dist off/dist travelled X 60 + Dist off/dist to go X 60 = correction to destination
Review EMERG procedures as they pertain to THIS aircraft
Show bounce and how to recover, as well as balloon.
1st landing show low and over and attitude. Allow aircraft to drift to show how and why to counteract
Know which side the wind is coming from touch down on correct wheel into wind
Allow student time on final to know he is going straight with rudder and aileron inputs to maintain centerline
Circuit work, demo landing attitude with student in cockpit, fly perfect circuit 1st time
Low and over slow flight 6 – 12 feet AGL
Allow a/c to drift if xwind and show how to correct
Have student fly, discuss and show too high too low on final and how to correct.
Point out traffic, use heading ref’s as a guide, experience or show the balloon or bounce
Forced: Break student into segments , 1st time have student glide a/c only, introduce cockpit management as the student improves
Precautionary: if no time constraints, have student extended downwind to give more time to set up for low approach
All of this information on pilot training and flight training in Canada is also available at www.myflighttraining.ca.