Exercise 18 – Landings

This exercise is normally demonstrated and taught following a flight on range and endurance. First demonstrate a perfect approach to landing then have the student do so right after.

Normal Landing

Initial Approach

  • Turn base and set approach power
  • Set flaps to approach flap
  • Announce approach speed for base leg

Final Approach

  • Select touchdown point
  • Point out attitude controls airspeed
  • Power controls rate of descent
  • Focus on airspeed and judging the approach
  • Select landing flap
  • Announce if you are high/low on approach or airspeed and how you correct for them


  • When 15′ above the runway level off
  • Point out looking at the end of the runway
  • Once the sink occurs, place the nose of the aircraft to end of the runway and maintain attitude
  • This attitude is the attitude at rotation for take-off

Since the student does not have much time to see the flare attitude, a good idea is to touchdown at the beginning and while keeping the main wheels on the runway, keep the nose wheel off the ground and the airplane in the landing attitude. Hold this attitude for as long as possible while doing a touch and go so the student has sufficient time to see it. Alternatively you can demonstrate the flare attitude by placing the aircraft into slow flight 6′ to 12′ AGL for the length of the runway.


  • On centerline, keep straight with rudder
  • Main wheels, the nosewheel
  • Use brakes as necessary
  • Ailerons into wind as necessary gradually increasing to full deflection as aircraft slows
  • Exit the runway at taxi speed
  • Stop once clear of the runway and complete after landing checklist

Touch and Go

Common procedure is for the student to land and apply power once the instructor has said “go.”

  • Ensure sufficient runway remains for take-off
  • Flaps Up
  • Reset Trim
  • Carb heat Cold
  • Control Yaw

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